Finland case: Design for Government, experimental governance


The report Design for Government project, June 2015, proposed to implement a new model based on experiments, including behavioral approaches modelling the Finnish policy design. This approach results in a more user-oriented and efficient policy. Here you can read the third chapter of the report for the Design for Government project; it explains the experiments and the program implemented to support the experiments.

The issue of the experiment we are now taking in consideration consists of selecting a random group of 2000-3000 unemployed citizens and give them a basic income of 560 euros (about 600$). This base income will substitute their pre existent benefits. The observing period will run for two years, in 2017 and 2018, and will evaluate if this base income will reduce poverty, bureaucracy and social exclusion, improving employment.

There exists no other reform comprehensive like the base income reform that will impact the majority of the population in any nation and being of this importance. The Finnish experiments attract much attention because it is an issue that is faced by al societies. Nowadays, the basic income is being discussing also in Switzerland, in the US and in the Netherlands.

In Finland, the basic income experiment is a part of a bigger trial, the change in policy making. This change has been named “co-design” or “co-creation” of policy, meaning the engaging of relevant stakeholders and citizens in the policy-making process. Basic income is only the top of the iceberg, in fact it will give the start of about 20 other experiments that will take place in the following months.

Behind the basic income experiment there is a Finnish evolving to turn national governance agile and human-centric. In 2015 a Nordic think tank, Demos Helsinki, together with Aalto university was leading a research and design project proposing a quick to implement model for including experiments and behavioral approaches into Finnish policy design.

This experiments will lead to create a solid basis to built a pioneer governance system in the country.

In Finlandia è stato creato un progetto chiamato “Design for Governance” per implementare un nuovo modello basato sugli esperimenti per modellare il disegno della politica Finlandese. L’esperimento che aprirà la strada a circa un’altra ventina di esperimenti è quello riguardante il reddito di base per i disoccupati. Questo reddito di base ha lo scopo di ridurre la povertà e l’esclusione sociale e la burocrazia, facendo aumentare il tasso d’occupazione. Questi esperimenti sono parte dell’intento finlandese di rendere la governance nazionale agibile e mirata all’uomo.