The first meeting of the new cycle of seminars takes is held at LUISS – Guido Carli, Viale Romania, 32. The agenda focused on the presentation of the new cycle of seminars, terms and conditions for the participation to the new cycle, later followed by the presentation of the working group (organizational framework) and the division into categories (mainly cross-sectional): RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, COMMUNICATION and ORGANIZATION.
Prof. Christian Iaione introduced the main concepts and theoretical tools –the new cycle of seminar will deal with starting from the definition of commons. In economic terms commons different from public goods – which non-excludable and non-rival. Commons are both rival and non excludable. But in political and legal terms they are both public and private goods that need to be preserved to ensure their usability for the wealth of everyone and future generations. More precisely, taking the cue from the book ‘Italy of the Commons’, edited by Gregorio Arena and Christian Iaione, we can intend commons as social things – they have a social function or are the result of social processes; natural and man-made assets – i.e goods that are unique or exceptional in terms of high quality; and also, but not only resources – as soon as they become productive inputs for social processes.
What is the trigger that makes us talk today of common goods and the need to protect them? Over the years there has been a gradual decline in the capacity of production, care, safeguard, regeneration, control and supervision by local institutions and also, in some instances, by private institutions or subjects. The consequence of this regulatory slippage, resulted in the deterioration of commons, material and immaterial assets that are essential to the wealth of individals and communities.
What are the solutions?
– CENTRALIZATION THROUGH PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
– COOPERATIVE SELF-ORGANIZATION OF COMMONS
Is there space for a fourth strategy?
Possibility of interaction between community, public and private sector through the so-called principle of horizontal subsidiarity which demands public institutions to favour the autonomous initiative of citizens, single or associated, to carry out activities of general interest.
How do we call it?
LOCAL GOVERNANCE OF THE COMMONS (through formalized rules and public-private-commons partnerships);